Web Document Basics

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript

Abel Sanchez and John R. Williams

Three Different Languages

File System Basics

  • Mac
    • pwd - current working directory
    • ls - list files
    • cd - current directory
    • more - file contents

  • PC
    • dir - list files
    • cd - current directory
    • more - file contents
    • mkdir - make directory

Minimal HTML Document

Adding Title

Adding Headings

Adding Paragraphs

Adding Images

Adding Links

Active Learning

Create the HTML page below. Here is the jellybeans image.

CSS Basics

CSS Selectors

CSS (Styles) File

Adding Styles

Styling Elements Directly

CSS Shapes: Square

#square {
   width: 100px;
   height: 100px;
   background: red;

CSS Shapes: Circle

#circle {
   width: 100px;
   height: 100px;
   background: red;

CSS Shapes: Triangle

#circle {
   width: 0px;
   height: 0px;
   border-left: 50px solid transparent;
   border-right: 50px solid transparent;
   border-bottom: 100px solid red;

More Shapes ...

The Shapes of CSS

Style Coordinates


Active Learning

Create an HTML page. Position eight circles as fallows.

See starter code in next slide

Starter Code

The code below produces a green circle.

Adding Script


Referencing External JS File

Active Learning - Page 1 of 2

  1. Title, "1.00 Exercise"
  2. H1 heading, "Welcome to the Web"
  3. Add chrome logo image from chrome.png
  4. Paragraph, "Paragraph text goes here"
  5. Create a CSS file
  6. Add a font style for H1

Active Learning - Page 2 of 2

  1. Reference CSS file
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
  2. Create a JavaScript file
  3. Add alert
  4. Reference JavaScript file
    <script src="yourFile.js"></script>

Creating an HTML Page

Web Request by Hand

Web Fonts (optional)

  • HTML: 4 fonts by default
  • Device limitations - Tablets have 1 font!
  • Images are very large compared to text
  • Images loose text information - affects SEO
  • Web fonts triumph - browser agreement
  • Resizing on different screens is not a problem (vector)
  • 700+ web fonts
  • 1 billion used per day

Specifying Web Fonts I

Specifying Web Fonts II

Sample Farm Sign